Daily Dish for Thursday 27th February, 2019
Dispute The Text
Facebook and Telegram Are Hoping to Succeed Where Bitcoin Failed [nyt/27] The messaging companies have a reach that dwarfs the backers of earlier cryptocurrencies. Facebook and Telegram can make the digital wallets used for cryptocurrencies available, in an instant, to hundreds of millions of users. Meanwhile back in Irie … Facebook Faces 10 Privacy Probes in Ireland as Global Scrutiny Intensifies [wsj /38] and gangster style Facebook wants up to 30% of fan subscriptions vs Patreon’s 5% [techcrunch 18] Patreon, which now has 3 million patrons who’ll pay 100,000 artists, comedians, models and makers more than $500 million this year.
AT&T Weighs Combining HBO, Turner Units [wsj /37/paywall] Veteran television executive and producer Robert Greenblatt is in advanced talks withAT&T Inc. to take a senior role at WarnerMedia that could include oversight of a new unit that would combine HBO and Turner entertainment networks and an upcoming streaming service, people familiar with the matter said. The priority of AT&T is to get its as-yet-unnamed direct-to-consumer streaming service up and running. AT&T has said that HBO Now, the premium channel’s own streaming service, will be the centerpiece of that effort.
How fashion tripped over the hip-hop economy [ft /10/paywall] There is an expression within the black community — “twice as good.” Parents say it to their children to explain that you’ll have to be twice as hardworking, twice as talented, twice as ambitious to get what white people have. We see it across fashion. In Prada’s response, and the decision to look to black figures who are already celebrated, busy and removed from the hierarchies of fashion, we are reminded that the bar is held higher for black creatives.
Twitter thread –Eugene Wei on social capital. “We’re at the end of the first era of social networks. They’ve been fun and useful and toxic all at once. To fix the problems from this first era will require modeling users as status-seeking monkeys from the start. We’ve met the enemy, and it is us. /FIN”
Policy Principles for a Federal Data Privacy Framework in the United States Archived Webcast from 2/27 [senate.gov /6] “In an age of rapid innovation in technology, consumers need transparency in how their data is collected and used,” said Wicker. “It is this committee’s responsibility and obligation to develop a federal privacy standard to protect consumers without stifling innovation, investment, or competition. As we continue to examine this critically important issue, I hope this first hearing will offer valuable insights that will help set the stage for meaningful bipartisan legislation.”
Closing comments by Jan Kleijssen, 27 February 2019, Helsinki [coe.int /2] High-level Conference: Governing the Game Changer – Impacts of artificial intelligence development on Human Rights, Democracy and the Rule of Law…To ensure respect for human rights and core values, we need oversight mechanisms with strong mandates and enforcement capacities. Robust risk assessment processes must lead to the effective implementation of precautionary measures, if citizens are to trust that expressed commitments will be upheld. These are big challenges and we need to continue close international collaboration and sharing of knowledge, understanding and practices to meet them.
In Favor of Developing Ethical Best Practices in AI Research [stanford /8] Of course, academic research in AI has a set of issues and concerns unique to it that these general codes of ethics for technology and computing professional may not address. Fortunately, substantial effort has been put into addressing this area as well. In particular, “ETHICALLY ALIGNED DESIGN – a Vision for Prioritizing Human Well-being with Autonomous and Intelligent Systems” by the IEEE Global Initiative on Ethics of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems and the ASILOMAR AI Principles by the Future of Life Institute both provide concrete recommendations for AI researchers. Last but not least, researchers should be familiar with the codes of conducts at their universities and professional events they attend. Not all AI conferences have explicit codes of conduct, so a good baseline to be aware of is the NeurIPS 2018 code of conduct. Likewise, the NeurIPS affiliated ML Ally pledge is worth reading and thinking about.
Beyond Local Pattern Matching: Recent Advances in Machine Reading [stanford.edu /8] In today’s age of information explosion, when too much new knowledge is generated every day in text (among other modalities) for any single person to digest, enabling machines to read large amounts of text and answer questions for us is one of the most crucial and practical tasks in the field of natural language understanding. Solving the task of machine reading, or question answering, will lay an important cornerstone towards a powerful and knowledgeable AI system like the librarian in the movie Time Machine:
Reconstructing meaning from bits of information [nature /13] . Here, we demonstrate using functional MRI (fMRI) that the brain combines bits of information into meaningful object representations. Participants receive clues of individual objects in form of three isolated semantic features, given as verbal descriptions. We use machine-learning-based neural decoding to learn a mapping between individual semantic features and BOLD activation patterns.
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