Daily Dish 013119

WIPO Technology Trends – Artificial Intelligence [WIPO] This report is the first in a new series from WIPO tracking the development of technologies through the analysis of data on innovation activities. It reveals trends in patenting of artificial intelligence (AI) innovations, the top players in AI from industry and academia, and the geographical distribution of AI-related patent protection and scientific publications. Its findings are accompanied throughout by commentary and industry perspectives from more than 20 of the world’s leading experts in AI, making it of particular interest to business leaders, researchers and policymakers.

A.I. Could Worsen Health Disparities [NYT] In a health system riddled with inequity, we risk making dangerous biases automated and invisible.

Locast, a Free App Streaming Network TV, Would Love to Get Sued [NYT] “I’d give them a 50 percent chance for prevailing, only because they’ll have the money for the lawyers,” said Jessica Litman, an expert on copyright law and a professor at the University of Michigan law school. She considers Locast legal, but that may never be tested — that is, the broadcasters may be wary of giving Mr. Goodfriend’s start-up the spotlight of a big legal fight. “A loss for the networks is a lot more risky than a win would be,” Ms. Litman said.

Who Knows What, and When?: A Survey of the Privacy Policies Proffered by U.S. Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing Companies[SSRN] Direct-to-consumer genetic testing (DTC-GT) companies have proliferated in the past several years. Based on an analysis of genetic material submitted by consumers, these companies offer a wide array of services, ranging from providing information about health and ancestry to identification of surreptitiously-gathered biological material sent in by suspicious spouses. Federal and state laws are ambiguous about the types of disclosures these companies must make about how the genetic information they obtained is collected, used, and shared. 

Is Alexa working?[ben-evans] There are a couple of obvious strands to think about. Alexa’s capability to control ‘smart home’ devices might expand to enable more delivery models (‘open the garage door automatically when an Amazon delivery robot arrives’, or more prosaically just ‘unlock the door for the Fedex delivery’, and send me a video of it happening), or more automated ordering (the washing machine can order more soap for itself, perhaps).

A Grand Re-opening of the Public Domain [youtube]  Co-hosted by the Internet Archive and Creative Commons, this celebration features keynote addresses by Lawrence Lessig and Cory Doctorow, lightning talks, and more to mark the “re-opening” of the public domain in the United States.

This is Your Brain Off Facebook – study offers glimpse of unplugging [NYT] So what happens if you actually do quit? A new study, the most comprehensive to date, offers a preview. Expect the consequences to be fairly immediate: More in-person time with friends and family. Less political knowledge, but also less partisan fever. A small bump in one’s daily moods and life satisfaction. And, for the average Facebook user, an extra hour a day of downtime.

Decoding Words from Brain Waves [livescience] The goal in all of these experiments is to one day make it possible for people who’ve lost the ability to speak (due to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or similar conditions) to speak through a computer-to-brain interface. However, the science for that application isn’t there yet.

Intellectual, narcissistic, or Machiavellian? How Twitter users differ from Facebook-only users, why they use Twitter, and what they tweet about.[apa,org]  Twitter users (N = 255) were not only higher in openness than Facebook-only users (N = 248), but they were also more Machiavellian. In both studies, Twitter users who were higher in openness were more strongly motivated to use Twitter for career promotion, and in turn, they tweeted more frequently and most liked to read tweets about intellectual pursuits. Narcissists were more strongly motivated to use Twitter for career promotion, social connection, and attention-seeking, and in turn, they tweeted more frequently and most liked to read tweets about personal achievements and diet/exercise. On average, participants most liked to read tweets about intellectual pursuits and least liked tweets about diet/exercise.

Facebook Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2018 Results[FB]  Headcount was 35,587 as of December 31, 2018, an increase of 42% year-over-year. (That old slide with Craigslist revenue vs employ count comes to mind here – ed)  

The Baumans, Sellers of Really, Really Rare Books [NYT]

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